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CPR can save a life - become educated in CPR!

  • At least one child dies from choking on food every five days in the U.S., and more than 10,000 children are taken to a hospital emergency room each year for food-choking injuries. (according to the NYS Department of Health)

  • Accidental injuries, including choking and drowning, are the leading cause of death in children and send over 16 million kids a year to the emergency room.


    0-4 mins. - brain damage unlikely
    4-6 mins. - brain damage possible
    6-10 mins. - brain damage probable
    over 10 mins. - probable brain death

  • CPR saves lives. Statistics show that the earlier CPR is initiated, the greater the chances of survival. In fact, 100,000 to 200,000 lives of adults and children could be saved each year if CPR were performed early enough.(according to the American Heart Association estimates)

  • Some of the common causes of "sudden death" that may require CPR include:

    • Choking
    • Drowning
    • Heart Attacks
    • Severe Allergic Reactions
    • Electric Shock
    • Drug Overdose
    • Suffocation
    • (according to the American Heart Association.

  • Just 5 minutes of training on defibrillator use and 20 minutes of instruction in CPR was as effective!!! (according to The study, led by Dr. Ahamed Idris, professor of emergency medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas)

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) consists of mouth-to-mouth respiration and chest compression. CPR allows oxygenated blood to circulate to vital organs such as the brain and heart. CPR can keep a person alive until more advanced procedures (such as defibrillation - an electric shock to the chest) can treat the cardiac arrest. CPR started by a bystander doubles the likelihood of survival for victims of cardiac arrest. It was invented in 1960.

Choking facts

More than 90% of deaths from foreign object occur in children younger than 5 years old; 65% of them are infants! (AHA)
In 2000, 160 children ages 14 years or younger died from an obstruction of the respiratory tract due to inhaled or ingested foreign bodies. Of these, 41% were caused by food items and 59% by nonfood objects (CDC).
Candy was associated with 19% of all choking-related emergency department visits by children ages 14 years or younger; 65% were related to hard candy; and 12.5% were related to other specified types of candy (chocolate candy, gummy bears, gum, etc.). (CDC)
For every choking-related death, there are more than 100 visits to U.S. emergency departments. In 2001, an estimated 17,537 children 14 years or younger were treated in U.S. emergency departments for choking episodes. (CDC)
Liquids are the most common cause of choking in infants, whereas balloons, small object and hard food are in children (AHA)
Coins were involved in 18% of all choking-related emergency department visits for children ages 1 to 4 years. (CDC)
In 2001, 10.5% of children treated in the emergency department for choking episodes were admitted to the hospital or transferred to a facility with a higher level of care. (CDC)

More about Choking:

Drowning facts

  • In 2005, of all children 1 to 4 years old who died, almost 30% died from drowning. Although drowning rates have slowly declined, fatal drowning remains the second-leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children ages 1 to 14 years.
  • Drowning isn't seasonal; it occurs year round, 70% of the time within homes
  • Children can drown in as little as 1 inch of water.
  • Drowning victims who are rescued from the water need CPR immediately?before the paramedics arrive. It can prevent brain damage and be the difference between life and death. (NSKC)

More about drowning:

General facts

  • About 92,000 people are saved by CPR in the US each year. (according to AHA)
  • Studies have shown that memory of CPR skills and knowledge tends to deteriorate as early as three months after training, even among highly trained professionals -- including doctors, nurses, and more.(according to the American Heart Association)
  • There has never been a case of HIV transmitted by mouth-to-mouth CPR (according to Mickey Eisenberg M.D.)

  • To read more about Keeping Kids Safe, go to - audio, CDC
Great article for kids on How & When to call 911: http://kidshealth.org/PageManager.jsp?dn=KidsHealth&lic=1&ps=307&cat_id=117&article_set=27852

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